In the mid-90s of the 20th century have been started the mass felling of last big areas of intact forests of the European North of Russia (see article HCVF 2 global and national level (rus)). This led to the fact that several international NGOs ("Taiga Rescue Network", Greenpeace) held a series of special campaigns to exposure to environmentally sensitive markets of Western Europe. As a result, the major Finnish and Swedish companies - distributors of paper, began to realize the need and economic feasibility of conservation of Intact Forest Landscapes (the IFL) and were forced to negotiate with NGOs on the conservation of intact forests. The result of this was the announcement of several major timber companies ("Enso Gutzeit", subsequently merged with "Stora", "UPM-Kymmene" and "IKEA") moratorium on logging old-growth forests in accordance with maps of such forests, prepared by NGOs. In this situation the practice of concluding agreements between NGOs and timber companies to refuse from logging (moratorium) in rented areas of IFL have been started.

Forest certification according to the FSC scheme has become an effective tool also. All companies that want to get a certificate of sustainable forest management according to the FSC and with the IFL in their leased areas are obliged to take measures for their conservation. As a result, agreements were signed to preserve areas of old growth forest, located within the lease of JSC "Ust-Pokshengsky LPH", JSC "Dvina LPH", JSC "Svetlogorsk LPH", JSC "Solombalsky LDK".

Other examples of agreements between companies and NGOs.

The practice of concluding agreements for the conservation of different types of HCVF between companies and NGOs has developed in the Republic of Karelia, where the NGO "SPOK", as together with the Russian environmental NGOs (WWF, Greenpeace), and without them, a number of agreements were signed. Thus, according to the NGO “SPOK” data for 01.01.2013, about 130 thousand hectares of old-growth forests, which are leased in the Republic of Karelia, are taken under a voluntary moratorium on logging. The website of NGO “SPOK” presents the operating agreements between the "SPOK" and logging companies in Karelia.

One of the latest was an agreement between the NGO "SPOK" and JSC "Timber Holding Company "Karellesprom" (January 2014) on the conservation of two of the planned protected areas that are in the enterprise lease. This is a voluntary moratorium on logging in the territory of about 15 thousand hectares. At the same time, the company was not the holder of the FSC forest management certificate.

Voluntary rejection of the lease HCVF

The most significant example of this is the rejection of the company JSC "Mondi Syktyvkar" from the lease a large part of IFL in the south of the Republic of Komi. Part of the IFL, located in Koygorodsky forest district, was leased by logging companies affiliated to JSC “Mondy Syktyvkar” in 2000. At the end of the lease period company began to decide on its extension. Along with the planned forest management works in Koygorodsky forest district was conducted field inventory of old-growth forests at the expense of JSC "Mondi Syktyvkar". As a result, JSC "Mondi Syktyvkar" excluded the most valuable part of IFL from lease area at renewal of the lease agreement.

Thus, last ten years experience shows, that HCVF conservation - as one of the most important conditions for the transition to sustainable forest management – is real task and actually solved by NGOs together with the most environmentally responsible companies.

Based on materials from: По материалам: http://spok-karelia.ru/, Practical Guide in Defining High Conservation Value Forests in Russia”. / T. Yanitskaya - М., WWF, 2008., Практическое руководство по выделению лесов высокой природоохранной ценности/ Т.Яницкая - М., WWF, 2008.

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